Once an economical and easy way to travel around Europe, rail passes over the years had become more of a headache-inducing puzzle. But in 2019, Europe's rail passes underwent some sweeping changes that have made them an affordable option again, and much less confusing to shop for — and made me nostalgic for their glory days.
As of this year, "Select Passes" — where you could mix and match countries as you like to suit your itinerary — are gone. Now, for the most part, passes cover either all of Europe, or just one country. This means that the classic "Global Pass" is now not only one of the easiest options, but the smart buy for more people traveling by train in multiple European countries.
During their heyday, rail passes were a way of life for European travelers. In my backpacker days, there were just two choices of Eurail Pass: one month or two months, covering most of western Europe, with a second-class option available only to people under 26. Over the years, as Americans started visiting Europe more often and on shorter trips, customization became increasingly in demand.
Travelers who did their homework could save plenty — but for most, there were so many options, it was hard to know where to begin. It got so confusing that the Global Pass almost became a thing of the past — worth considering only for those doing the whirlwind, months-long pan-Europe backpacker trip of yore. Now, by eliminating the customized passes while cutting the price of the Global Pass, Eurail has gone back to basics. (Certain high-speed trains still require pass holders to pay extra and book ahead, but with fewer pass options to navigate, it's less of a factor when shopping for a pass.)
Your main options now are either a single-country pass or the 31-country Global Pass. Fortunately, the Global Passes are now priced to make sense for shorter trips (and are available for as few as three days of travel).
There are still some multicountry regions where passes are available and cheaper than a Global Pass for the same number of train-travel days. For example, Eurail's Scandinavia Pass includes Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Finland for little more than the price of a pass covering only one of those countries; the Benelux Pass is cheaper than a Global Pass for those traveling to Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg; and the European East Pass — including Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia — is roughly the same price as a pass that just covers Austria.
The addition of Great Britain to the Global Pass in 2019 filled a long-standing gap in its coverage of Europe. Though BritRail passes still reign for a Britain-focused trip, travelers also straying to the Continent can now use one Global Pass for the whole trip.
All European rail passes offer options for first- and second-class travel for travelers of any age, not just "youths." In addition to the youth discount (under 28 for most passes), travelers over 60 can now get a senior rate on more passes than ever, saving roughly 10 percent.
The "saver" discount for travel buddies disappeared this year, which seemed like bad news at first. But when we crunched the numbers, it became clear that this year's across-the-board dip in prices essentially gave all rail-pass travelers the group discount. Now, families and friends traveling together can travel with their own passes — allowing them to split off from the group whenever they like — while still getting the best price. (Kids, however, still need to be on the same pass as an adult to get a free ride.)
Night trains throughout Europe are less common now than they once were. Long train trips have become less desirable thanks largely to competition from budget flights that whip you to your destination faster than a train. But rail travel has the advantage of a smaller carbon footprint — and there are still benefits for night-train travelers with a Eurail pass, as overnight trips only count as one day of travel. (As of this year, the logistics of this benefit have changed; now you count the day you board the overnight train, and travel after midnight on that same train is still covered.)
In other rail news, the Eurostar train that crosses under the English Channel has added direct service from London to Amsterdam. (Direct service from Amsterdam to London may start later this year; until then, you'll have to change in Brussels.)
While these changes to rail passes are big news, one thing definitely hasn't changed in all my years of traveling: There's still a special magic to taking trains around Europe.